BOLIVIA, BRAZIL, AND COLOMBIA
Located in the heart of South America, Bolivia boasts incredible biodiversity resulting from its variation in topography, ranging from high elevation cloud forests to low-lying dry forests and savannas. Bolivia is home to nearly 200 different ecosystems, which remain strongholds for iconic species such as the jaguar, spectacled bear, Andean condor and giant otter.
The largest country in South America, Brazil hosts one third of the world’s remaining rainforest. Considered one of the most biodiverse countries on Earth, Brazil has an array of ecosystems, including rainforests, flooded, deciduous and seasonal forests, and savannas. The regions of Brazil can be categorized as Amazon Forest, Caatinga a semi-arid region characterized by its uncertain rainfall, the Cerrado a vast tropical savanna, Atlantic forest, and the Pantanal an immense tropical wetland. The main threats that are cause for deforestation in Brazil are cattle ranching, the advancement of soy agriculture, timber, palm oil, and infrastructure projects.
The NCI Brazil program started in November 2015, and has developed into a partnership with five local NGOs, in seven Brazilian states. These partnerships developed around a program called Highly Important Drainages for Diversity (Bio & Cultural) in Rural Areas of Brazil (HIDDRA). The focus of our program is to increase representation of protected areas, with particular emphasis on the interface between terrestrial and aquatic systems.
We are focusing on four watersheds across the country, representing the most biodiverse ecosystems: the Amazon, Pantanal, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest. Each of our chosen partners have long history in these biomes, therefore our action is to leverage their activities in creating and supporting the implementations of protected areas, either public or private.
Our goal is to increase protected areas in key Brazililan drainages and create incentives and solutions while doing so.
Over 300 different ecosystems are found in Colombia. It houses nearly 10% of the planet’s biodiversity on less than 1% of its land mass, and Colombia leads the world in a number of categories. For instance it is home to an astonishing 1,900 bird species – double that of the U.S. and more than any other country – making the conservation of Colombia’s ecosystems a global priority.