An ecosystem is comprised of all living things, from plants and animals to microscopic organisms, that share an environment. Just about everything in an ecosystem has an important role. Ecosystems are both aquatic and terrestrial areas.

Ecosystems We Protect

Amazon Rainforest 

The Amazon rainforest is the most extensive tropical forest on Earth, with the highest density of plant and animal species anywhere. The Amazon provides essential ecosystem services, stabilizing the world’s rainfall patterns and storing massive amounts of carbon that mitigate climate change. These forests are also home to millions of indigenous people. Learn more about our work in the Peruvian Amazon here. 

Andean Cloud Forest

The Andean cloud forests hold the highest number of endemic species – plants and animals that are found nowhere else in the world. Many biologists consider these forests to be the world’s greatest conservation priority, due to the sheer number of species and high degree of threat.

Tropical Deciduous Forest

Tropical Deciduous forests are dense during the wet summer, but during the dry winter the leaves fall and the canopy opens up, resulting in a wide array of uniquely adapted species. We work with local communities to conserve these fragile forests, with many rare and endemic species, while creating livelihoods for local people.  Click here to learn more about tropical deciduous forests. 

Páramo Grasslands

Páramo grasslands are high-altitude ecosystems situated above the timberline but below the permanent snow line. Their vegetation is composed mainly of grasses, shrubs, and giant rosette plants. Recently, we have seen a surge in interest by municipal governments to protect these landscapes, which are often threatened by unsustainable agriculture, in order to secure a clean water supply for their people.

Coastal and Marine Areas 

Mangroves, estuaries, lagoons, and oceans support the complex webs of life that sustain marine fisheries and provide the freshwater to form wetlands. They are also significant for their marine biodiversity and critical for migratory birds. The Ecuadorian, Colombian,and Peruvian marine areas where we work are some of the richest on Earth. Learn more about our plans to create Peru’s first Tropical Pacific Seas Reserve.