By Alex More, Piura Region Coordinator
Peru is home to nearly 20 million acres of wetlands, located mainly in its Andes and Amazon region. Although the coastal wetlands make up a smaller percentage of the national total, they are critical for the environmental services they provide to the region.
The Sechura wetlands are located in the lower basin of the Piura River, which is strongly influenced by seasonal rains and the El Niño, and can reach up to 120 times its average area. Sechura is the only province in Peru that houses three types of coastal wetlands: an estuary (Virrilá), lagoons (Napique and La Niña) and mangroves (San Pedro and Chulliyache). Each possesses unique ecological features as a result of convergence of the warm Equatorial current and cold Humboldt current that are significant to the economic productivity of Sechura Bay.